2012 1/2

Abstracts

D. Sharafutdinov, R.Khayrutdinov. Heraldic symbols of Tatarstan
The article is devoted to the history of creation and formation of the activity of the Heraldic Council under the President of the Republic of Tatarstan. It gives a detailed description of the stages of regulatory base’ creation and work on development of the state registration of the Republic of Tatarstan municipalities’official symbols.
Keywords: Heraldic Council under the President of the Republic of Tatarstan, the state awards and symbols.
 
G.Davletshin. «Knowledge suits you»(Education and ideals of Ancient Turkic khaganate)
The article tells about the problems of education system and pedagogical thought ofAncient Turkic khaganate.
Keywords: alphabet, knowledge, China, manuscript, Turkic folklore.
 
M.Erzin. Your name is beautiful! Who named?!
The article gives a short analysis of an origin of ethnonym Tatars on the basis of scientific works of the Japanese scientist Yauti Vataru and others etymologists and historians.
Keywords: Tatars, ethnonym, Ancient Chinese written sources.
 
A. Mayorov. Letter of Pope Innokenti IV to the Golden Horde’s specific governor Sartak
It is the translation of a letter by Pope Innokenti IV to the Golden Horde’s governor Sartak (1254).
Keywords: Christianity, Golden Horde, Pope Innokenti IV, Sartak.
 
M.Davletshin. Reflection of the Golden Horde’s culture in the documents of the Tavrichesky and Saratov scientific archival commissions
The documents of the Tavrichesky and Saratov scientific archival commissions, – the first regional archaeological centers for the Lower Volga region studying — fixed and described the subjects related to the Golden Horde’s spiritual culture. They considered to be valuable sources to this day taking into consideration the fact that many of them were lost.
Keywords: archeology, site of ancient settlement, study of local lore, excavation, provincial scientific archival commissions, Saratov, Ukek, Crimea.
 
F. Vagapova. Symbolics in the pagesregistration of the ancient Tatar hand-written book
The centuries-old history of Tatar peopledevelopment shows the quivering relation to the book as to the source of knowledge. The copyists of the ancient volumes paid special attention to book’s art shape. In book design the Tatar calligraphers used the system of symbols.
Keywords: hand-written book, fine arts, figurative system, calligrapher, symbolics, sign, symbolics of model of a universe, color symbolics.
 
R. Iskhakov. «Printing of the Koran and other Muslim spiritual books can be forbidden» (About the history of censorial policy concerning the Tatar Book in the middle of the XIX century)
The work includes the documents with the little-known facts from the history of censorial policy concerning Muslim religious literature during Nikolay I governing. It discloses the reasons of the fact that the Koran and other Muslim books’ edition was forbidden in printing offices of Kazan in 1845. The author cites the discussions of the central and local bureaucratic bodies that brought to the cancellation of this discrimination decision.
Keywords: national policy of the Russian Empire, Muslim book, interfaith relations, Middle Volga region.
 
R.Kadyrov. «Lithuania took for own fatherland and made co-brothers»
The article presents the document «Exposition summary about Tatars who live in the Lithuanian provinces» dated by 1832. The document was stored in the collections of the National Historical Archive of Belarus in Grodno. It shows the legal status of Tatars service class in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania in the XIV-XVIII centuries and their role in the state’s defense capacity reinforsement.
Keywords: Tatars, servicemen Tatars, ethnoclass groups, the Grand Duchy of Lithuania.
 
Kh. Bagautdinova. «The edition could serve… as a very important step to intellectual and moral rapprochement of the Muslims and the Russians» (Sh. Akhmerov's project concerning the weekly newspaper «Kazan» edition)
The article shows the history of the unrealized project concerning edition of the newspaper “Kazan” in Tatar language. It was written by a famous Tatar educator and public figure Sh. Akhmerov. The work is devoted to the Russian Empire executive power’s censorshippolicy with regard to the Tatar press. Tendencies of the Tatar secular culture’ developments at the end of the XIX century are also analyzed.
Keywords: history of the Tatar periodicals, censorshippolicy, culture of the Tatars.
 
Y. Rudneva. «Belka», «Lyutra» and «Kokushka» (Social political activity of the women who studied at Kazan higher educational institutions in the beginning of the XX century)
Data on political activity of the women studied in the first decade of the XX century on the Kazan High Female Courses and at Imperial Kazan University are provided in the article on the basis of materials of the Kazan Provincial Gendarme Department of 1908-1911.
Keywords: Kazan High Female Courses, Imperial Kazan University, Kazan Provincial Gendarme Department, students, policy, meeting.
 
I. Khanipova. «It is necessary to put an energy maximum to carrying out the slogan “All for children”» (An activity of the Yelabuga cantonal commission on the starving population assistance)
The article is devoted to the activity of local public authorities of the Tatar Autonomic Soviet Social Republic directed to starving children’ assistance and overcoming of consequences of hunger of 1921-1922. By an example of the Yelabuga canton the following problems are analyzed: the difficult situation of the population during hunger, spiritual and moral changes of society, statistics of hunger.
Keywords: hunger, substitutes, the American Relief Administration, the Commission for Famine Relief, children, child care facilities.
 
A. Khayrullina, A. Valiakhmetov. «We can’t admit children, orphanages are overloaded» (Children’s evacuation from TASSR in 1921)
Hunger of 1921 became the disaster which has captured the considerable territory of the republic. Children became its involuntary hostages. The author describes the process of children evacuation from TASSR.
Keywords: hunger, children, evacuation, TASSR.
 
F.Kozlov. An atheistic component of the national cultures in the 1920-1930th
The article is devoted to the analysis of development of atheism in poetry, satire, dramatic art of Mari, Mordovian and Chuvash ethnoses in the 1920-1930th.
Keywords: antireligious performances, atheistic promotion, Chuvashiya.
 
N. Neroznikova. «An opening day of the theater will be a big holiday of culture for our people» (About the first years of the activity of the Tatar Academic State Opera and Ballet Theater named after M. Dzhalil)
The Tatar Academic State Opera and Ballet Theater opening is descried on the basis of documents of the Republic of Tatarstan’s National Archive.
Keywords: Kazan, Tatar Theater, opera, ballet, Tatar Opera Studio.
 
A. Kabirova, E.Bagmanova. «We petition for rewarding of our parents who have brought up ten children» (The decree of the USSR Supreme Council Presidium dated July 8, 1944 about protection of motherhood and its execution in TASSR)
On July 8, 1944 the USSR Supreme Council Presidium passed the special decree directed on increase of the female-mothers’ social status and state support. The article shows the legal status of the woman who had many children in wartime.
Keywords: the Great Patriotic War, Tatar Republic, motherhood protection, honorary title «Heroine Mother», award «Maternal Glory», medal «Motherhood Medal».
 
G.Smirnov. From the history of the Kazan aircraft industry
The article is devoted to the little-known project implemented by young engineers of Aircraft Factory № 22 named after Gorbunov, its role and place in the history of the Soviet aircraft industry.
Keywords: aircraft industry history, Kazan, the Kazan Aviation Institute, Aircraft Factory № 22 named after Gorbunov.
 
A. Gallyamova. Glavlit guarding communist values (the second half of the 1960th)
After a short period of «ottepel» in the 1960s socio-political atmosphere in the country became once again «frozen». The ideology of the country was moving away from resolutions accepted during the XX congress of the Soviet Union’s Communist Party. The article presents the Glavlit reports. They show that conservative tendencies were presented in the social sciences’ dogmatism combined with suppression of the slightest manifestations of dissent, oppression of liberal direction in literary creation.
Keywords: Soviet history, Tatar ASSR, «Brezhnev's conservatism», national history of the USSR, Soviet intellectuals, Glavlit, national culture.
 
I. Tagirov. A way to immortality (dedicated to the 120 anniversary since M. Sultan-Galiyev’s birth)
The article is devoted to the 120 anniversary since the birth of M. Sultan-Galiyev the known state and political figure.
Keywords: M. Sultan-Galiyev, I. Stalin, national policy.
 
I. Tagirov, D.Sharafutdinov. Strokes to a portrait
In the work the correspondence of the article authors’ with M. Sultan-Galiyev’s relatives is presented.
Keywords: M. Sultan-Galiyev, family, letters.
 
I. Karimova. P. Shestakov «was kindly appointed as a trustee of the Kazan educational district…»
Work tells the little-known facts of the life of P.Shestakov the prominent statesman of the XIX century, the Kazan Education District trustee.
Keywords: P. Shestakov, trustee of the Kazan educational district, statesman.
 
N. Petrov-Tekin. «It will come to nothing until all communists become Christians» (Business of evangelical Christians brothers Nikolay and Athanasius Krysovs)
The article is devoted to brothers Krysovs living in Kibechi village of the Pestrechinsky region of the Republic of Tatarstan and the history of the evangelists community that they have found.
Keywords: community of evangelists, christened Tatars, Nikolay and Athanasius Krysovs.
 
Y. Grishin, S.Mandy. About the Tatar military leaders
The work is devoted to the military leaders of the Red Army major general F. Galiakberov, major general Sh. Geniatullin, lieutenant general M.Salikhov, major general R.Sibagatullin.
Keywords: the Great Patriotic War, the Red Army, military leader.
 
E. Kozlova. From Ibatullins-Vakhitovs’family
The article is devoted to the representative of a dynasty of the Ibatullins-Vakhitovs — the Red Army commander Yunus Ibatullin.
Keywords: M. Vakhitov, Y. Ibatullin, the Red Army, repressions.
 
G.Khisamiyeva. What heritage stores Chatyrtau?
The mountain Chatyrtau in the Aznakayevsky area of the Republic of Tatartan is a natural, historical and cultural heritage of edge. It is officially recognized as a nature sanctuary since 1972. The author shows the unity of a natural and cultural heritage by describing the objects located in the adjacent territory.
Keywords: the Kipchaksky steppe, the Nogai horde, Aznakayevo, nomad tribes, copper mine, barrow, parking, Sacred source, sanctuary, natural, historical and cultural heritage.
 
O. Kozlova. Tatars in a mirror of identity at the turn of the centuries
The article examines the question of correlation of civil and ethnic identity of the Kazan province inhabitant who had Tatar origin at the beginning of the XX century.
Keywords: national policy, Muslims.
 
D. Zaynutdinova. On the Road of Life (Dedicated to the 100 anniversary since the birth of G. Latyp)
The work presents the biography and work of the poet G. Latyp and contains letters of famous people to the poet.
Keywords: G. Latyp, biography, creativity, poet, personal fund.
 
G. Fayezova. «Our tsar was sent away from a throne…» (Dedicated to the 95 anniversary of February revolution of 1917 in the Kazan province)
The article is devoted to the 95 anniversary of February revolution of 1917 and contains memoirs of those events’ eyewitnesses.
Keywords: February revolution, memorials, archival documents, memoirs.
 
L. Khamidullin. The edition that worthy the nation symbol (Dedicated to 90 years anniversary of the journal «Kazan Utlary».
The article is devoted to the anniversary of the literary, art and political journal «Kazan Utlary». The journal publishes not only the Tatar literary works but also sketches, articles devoted to an everyday life, the past and the present of the Tatar people.
Keywords: «Kazan Utlary», journal, Tatars, literature.
 
S. Kornoukhova. «Desire to live» (Dedicated to the 70 anniversary since the birth of A. Khalim)
The work presents the biography and work of the poet, the publicist and public figure A. Khalim.
Keywords: A. Khalim, biography, creativity, poet, personal fund.
 
V.Khamidullina. «The great and glorified in the world Avicenna»
The work is devoted to Ibn Sin’s (Avicenna) poetry (I century AD).
Keywords: Central Asia, poet, creativity.
 
I. Tagirov. «Northern and East Tartariya» by Nicolaas Vitsen
The article is devoted to the work «Northern and East Tatrtariya» written by Nikolaas Vitsen Dutch author (the end of the XVI — the beginning of the XVII centuries). The work was republished in Holland in 2010.
Keywords: Nikolaas Vitsen, Holland, history, geography, Tartariya, Crimea.
 
E.Valeev. «Ivan Stakheev is here too» (An episode from the life of Yelabuga 150-years ago)
The satiric work of 1861 shows the merchant Yelabuga life in the 60th years of the XIX century. The satire is turned against merchants millionaires I. Stakheev and K. Ushkov.
Keywords: Stakheev, Ushkov, merchants, Shchetinko, Yelabuga.
 
M.Khannan. 50 years in Xinjiang. Burgan Shakhidi's memoirs
In the work the heads from the book «50 years in Xinjiang» by the scientist and diplomat B. Shakhidi translated from Chinese are presented.
Keywords: China, B. Shakhidi, diplomat, policy, memoirs.
 
R.Sadykova. History of an Archival Service of the Republic of Tatarstan (the second half of XX — the beginning of the XXI century)
The review of the book by D. Ibragimov the Candidate of history, the chief of the Head Archival Department under the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Tatarstan.
Keywords: Republic of Tatarstan, Kazan, archival service, National Archive of the Republic of Tatarstan, Central State Archive of historical and political documentation of the Republic of Tatarstan.
 
L.Garipova. To appreciate those who are alive, to know graves of those who died...
The review of the book by Doctor of philology, arkheograf M. Akhmetzyanov devoted to the Tatar gravestones of the XVII-XVIII centuries.
Keywords: history, gravestones, epitaphs.
 
L. Usmanova. The bridge into the past of the lucky Baron (strokes to a portrait of Russian writer emigrant Pavel Severny)
The review of L. Chernikova's monograph that for the first time in a domestic science tells about a unique destiny of a writer emigrant Pavel Severny in the history of Russian emigration in the Far East and literary process of the Russian abroad during the pre-war period.
Keywords: Pavel Severny, Russian emigration, Russian literature, history, biography.
 
P. Kabytov, N.Fedorova. Agrarian Russia: reforms and alternatives
The review of N. Rogalina's manual «The power and agrarian reforms in Russia in the XX centuries».
Keywords: agrarian history of Russia in the XX century, agrarian reforms, agriculture, peasantry, manual.
 
A.Bushuyev. Rural population of Tataria on the eve and in the period of the Great Patriotic War
The review of the monograph of researchers E. Krivonozhkina and I. Khanipova «Rural population of the Tatar ASSR on the eve and in the period of the Great Patriotic War (1937-1945)».
Keywords: Great Patriotic War, rural population, demography.
 
F.Islayev. Soviet modernization of Tatarstan: achievements and miscalculations
The review of the monograph by the Doctor of historical sciences A. Gallyamova «History of Tatarstan in the 1945-1980: modernization in a Soviet way (the second half of the 1940th — the first half of the 1980th)».
Keywords: history of the Soviet period, Tatarstan, modernization, ideology, culture.
 
R.Giniyatullina. Addressing to historical and cultural heritage
The review of educational and methodical materials of a course for high comprehensive schools «Historical and cultural heritage of Tatarstan people: the ancient town of Bulgar and the island-town Sviyazhsk» within a course «History of Tatarstan».
Keywords: monument, historical and cultural heritage, the Republic of Tatarstan, Bulgar, Sviyazhsk.
 
S.Sharafutdinov. Political repressions in the Tatar ASSR through a prism of original documents and memoirs
Review of the popular scientific edition by the Doctor of history A. Ivanov.
Keywords: repressions, Tatar ASSR, documents, memoirs.
 
E.Gibadullina. «Kazan Tatar flatters the Kirghiz here» (Tatars during the exhibition trade in the territory of the Western Kazakhstan in the XIX — the beginning of the XX centuries)
The article is devoted to the features of the exhibition trade in the territory of the Western Kazakhstan in the XIX — the beginning of the XX centuries and to Tatars’ participation at these fairs.
Keywords: fair, barter, trade turnover, nomadic economy, Tatar-Kazakh interaction, religious accessory, integrated All-Russia market.
 
L.Gabdrafikova. «Remember me without a picture» (Distribution of photographic services among Tatars in the end of the XIX — the beginning of the XX centuries)
The article presents the history of distribution process of the photo among Tatars in the XIX — the beginning of the XX centuries. Muslims’ world perception changed with the advent of the photo, the photo become norm of an everyday life.
Keywords: photo, photographic services, Tatars, daily occurrence.
 
L.Bushuyeva. «Professors should work hard and work to create clinics» (Creation of new university clinics in the Kazan University in the end of the XIX century)
The article is devoted to creation history of the complex of new clinics at Imperial Kazan University. The author tells about the construction preconditions, the sources and methods of construction works’ financing.
Keywords: Kazan University, Kazan University clinics, professors, Alafuzovs family
 
B.Kunitsyn. «The Burtassky village — all the gardener bare» (From gardening history in the Kazan province)
The article is devoted to gardening development in the Kazan province at the end of the XIX — XX centuries. The Kazan largest landowner, city orchards and also fruit nurseries are characterized.
Keywords: gardening, orchard, fruit nursery, landowner economy, Tatar fruit and berry station.
 
R. Gimazova. Muslim educational institutions in Glazovsky county, Vyatkaya province (the second half of the XIX — the beginning of the XX centuries)
The article reviews the history of Muslim educational institutions in Glazovsky county, Vyatkaya province (now the Udmurt Republic of the Russian Federation) in the second half of the XIX — the beginning of the XX centuries. The annex includes documents containing information about the number of mekteb, teachers and future long-term development plans of the network of Muslim educational institutions in the beginning of the XX centuries.
Keywords: education, mekteb, Glazov, Glazovsky county, Vyatskaya province.
 
G. Karimova, G.Khayrullina. «The People's Commissariat for Internal Affairs is one of the most interested in realization of the Tatar language in the Tatar Republic’ state agencies»
After TASSR formation the issue of the Tatar language realization raised in the Republic. In June 1921 K. Mukhtarov was elected as chairman of the TASSRPeople's Commissariat Soviet. Having come to power, along with economic and social problems, he actively began to consider a question of destiny of the Tatar language.
Keywords: Tatar language, K. Mukhtarov, TASSR.
 
M. Arslanov. Folklore theater of Naki Isanbet: «Idegey» and «Khodge Nasretdin»
National folklore played the great role in the Tatar drama art. Plays by N. Isanbet «Idegey», «Khodge Nasretdin» and others made a big contribution to the Tatar theater’ development. These works influenced on Tatars’ national consciousness formation.
Keywords: Tatar folklore, Tatar theater, N. Isanbet, Kh. Abzhalilov, Sh. Shamilsky.
 
M.Belyaev. Hunting for wolves (Business of the Kormakov’s gang)
The article is devoted to the history of post-war gangsterism in Kazan and to the investigation of criminal case of the Kormakov’s gang who killed 22 citizens of Kazan in 1945-1950.
Keywords: banditism, criminalistics, jurisprudence.
 
I.Shagapova. Honorable citizen of Rzhev and Tyumen
Present the biography of the Great Patriotic War’ participant, holder of the Glory award, the Honorable citizen of Rzhev and Tyumen H. Yakin who has written the book of memoirs «A soldier who went to a Victory».
Keywords: H. Yakin, Honorable citizen, holder of the Glory award.
 
G.Latypova. Baki Urmanche's house-museum opening
The work tells about the opening ceremony and exposition of the Baki Urmanche's house-museum in Cherki-Grishino village of the Buinsky region of the Republic of Tatarstan.
Keywords: Baki Urmanche, house-museum, exposition.
 
V.Piternova. «Archives and science: theory and practice of interaction»
The article describes the work of interregional scientific and practical conference «Archives and a science: theory and practice of interaction», conducted on October 26, 2011 in Cheboksary.
Keywords: Chuvash Republic, State Archive of the Chuvash Republic, international conference.
 
A.Odintsov. Keeping documentary heritage (Dedicated to the 90 anniversary of the Mary El Republic archival service)
The article is devoted to the 90 anniversary of the Republic Mary El Archival Service. It tells about the formation and development of the Republic archival branch for last decades, its current state and all activities of the Mari archivists.
Keywords: the Mary El Republic, archival service, the Mari USSR Central archival Management, the Mary El Republic Committee for archives, archival fund.
 
R.Nizami. Raphael Zakirov: «Yury Gagarin was my student»
Article is devoted to the colonel, the professor, the member-correspondent of the Military Scientific Academy, Y. Gagarin’s teacher — to R. Zakirov.
Keywords: R. Zakirov, Y. Gagarin, M. Rafikov, cosmonaut.
 
On the threshold of the XXVII World summer Universiade
Interview with the Deputy Director General of Executive Management «Kazan 2013», Mayor of the Universiade Village F. Abdulganiyev.
Keywords: Universiade 2013, Kazan, sports, Universiade Village, F. Abdulganiyev.