2013 1/2

Abstracts

R. Sadykova. The decree «About reorganization and archiving centralization in RSFSR» dated by June 1, 1918 and its place in the history of Russian archive
The publication is devoted to the 95 anniversary from the date of signing of the decree by V. Lenin «About reorganization and archiving centralization in the Russian Soviet Federal Socialist Republic».
Keywords: archive, archiving history.
 
S. Dolgova. The forgotten hero of the Northern war (Prince A. Khilkov)
The article is devoted to the fate of Prince A. Khilkov — the Russian envoy in Sweden during the Northern war. The author analyzes his letters to the Ambassadorial order head that were stored in the Russian State Archive of the ancient acts. The circumstances of Khilkov’s life in captivity, his prospecting activities for collecting and transfer of data on the Swedish armies’ movement, the positions of the Swedish government during the war, the difficult situation of Russians captured in Stockholm are investigated in the work. S. Dolgova convincingly proves that the real author of the composition «Kernel of the Russian history» was Prince A. Khilkov.
Keywords: the Northern war, Sweden, Prince A. Khilkov, G. Miller, «Kernel of the Russian history».
 
D. Mustafina. «The estate situated in Kazansky and in Sviyazhsky districts…» (devoted to the question of spatial organization of private property in the Srednevolzhsky region)
The publication deals with the development of the family of Asanovs — servicemen Tatars’ private property. The article has been written on the basis of the documents from the Department of manuscripts and rare books of the Kazan Federal University’s Scientific Library named after Lobachevsky. The work is supplemented by office work acts and scrivener descriptions.
Keywords: Asanovs family, private property, Kazansky district, Sviyazhsky district.
 
R. Iskhakov. N. Ilminsky: «Tatars are as though Islam confessors samples in the East Russia»
The work gives parts from the manuscripts of N. Ilminsky — the known Kazan missionary, the educator, specialist in Turkic philology and in Islam. They show little-known aspects of material and spiritual culture of Muslim Tatars, functioning of Islamic religious institutes in the Volga-Ural region in the second half of the XIX century.
Keywords: N. Ilminsky, Islam studying, history of religious beliefs of Muslim Tatars, interconfessional relations in the Middle Volga region.
 
L. Chubukchiyeva. Women’s issue in the magazine «Alemi nisvan»
The article describes the establishment, frequency, printing art of «Alemi nisvan» (Women’s World) — the first magazine in Russian Empire dedicated to Muslim women. I. Gasprinsky was the organizer and the editor of the magazine. The first number was published on March 3, 1906.
Keywords: «Alemi nisvan», female magazine, publishing, emancipation, I. Gasprinsky.
 
R. Batyrshin, M. Khabibullin. The peasantry of Central Volga Area and the state agrarian policy at the beginning of the XX century (On materials of the Kazan province)
The article examines the attitude of the Kazan province peasantry to activity of the governmental and local authorities who carried out land use planning policy at the beginning of the XX century. The peasant community of the Kazan province kept rather strong positions that mainly defined the relation of the population to the Stolypin’s agrarian transformations by the beginning of the XX century.
Keywords: Kazan province, peasants, community, rural meetings, land use planning commission.
 
Y.Guseva. Unifying tendencies in activity of the Central spiritual management of Muslims in the 1920th
Article is devoted to unknown pages of activity of the Central Muslims Religious Department in the 1920th. The analysis of archival materials of East Department of OGPU and other government bodies reveals efforts of the Central Muslims Religious Department on distribution of the influence and management centralization concerning Muslims of the Volga-Ural region, Central and Central Asia, northwest part of China. The author argues on the reasons and consequences of these processes and analyses them from state and society positions.
Keywords: Central Muslims Religious Department, Muslims, Islam, religion.
 
D. Davidov. «It is necessary to abstain strictly from similar actions» (Devoted to a question of relationship between the state and Muslim authorities in the 1920th)
Article illustrates one of atypical examples of relationship between representatives of the secular and spiritual authorities in the Tatar Republic during the 1920th.
Keywords: Muslem authorities, Soviet authorities, TASSR.
 
L.Usmanova. Publishing house of the Tokyo Muslim community (1930-1938)
Article is devoted to the organization and activity of publishing house of the Tokyo Muslim community. The publishing house published religious books, textbooks, the magazine «Yana Yapon Mokhbire» and the newspaper «Ilan-i Khakikly». Due to the researches made by N. Misave and A. Dyundaru the list of 38 books published in this publishing house from 1930 to 1938 was restored.
Keywords: Turkic-Tatar community, M.-G. Kurbangaliyev, publishing house, books.
 
E.Bureeva. TASSR in the panorama of cultural events of 1957
The publication tells about preparation and carrying out of the decade of the Tatar literature and art in Moscow in 1957. The huge success of the decade promoted the revival of the Tatar Republic’s cultural life.
Keywords: decade, Tatar literature and art, cultural life of TASSR.
 
A. Gallyamova. «Why they are afraid of the native language?» (From the shorthand report of the Tatar regional committee of CPSU Bureau meeting on April 28, 1958)
In the period of «thaw» the authorities set a course for the Tatar language and the Tatar school’s revival in TASSR. The article is devoted to the negative situation in the field of the Tatar language teaching at high school in Tatarstan. The author analyses the documents of the Plenum of CPSU Regional Committee in May, 1958. The first secretary of the Tatar regional committee of CPSU S. Ignatyev presented the emotional speech, the text of the speech is published for the first time.
Keywords: ethnic question in the USSR, language policy in the USSR, S. Ignatyev, TASSR, «thaw».
 
O.Evgrafova. Improvement of the system of the pedagogical staff professional improvement in TASSR in the second half of the 1980th
The article tells about development of the system of the pedagogical staff professional improvement in TASSR in the second half of the 1980th. During this period the Tatar Institute of teachers’ improvement as the methodical center was focused on the work with «subject teachers».
Keywords: Tatar Institute of improvement of teachers, teacher.
 
E. Dolgov. «In requital of jealous service, excellent diligence and works» (The Kazan Vice Governor E. Filippov)
The publication is devoted to E. Filippov’s activity as the Kazan Vice Governor (1786-1839).
Keywords: E. Filippov, Kazan Province, Vice Governor.
 
F. Bagautdinov. The small person in millstones of repressions (G. Gallyamov)
The work that tells about life and activity of the Tatar academic theater museum’s manager G. Gallyamov was prepared on the documents from the archive of the Department of Federal Security Service of the Russian Federation in the Republic of Tatarstan.
Keywords: G. Gallyamov, Stalin repressions, Tatar academic theater.
 
Z. Garipova. Professor Khamit Mushtari
The article is devoted to scientific activity of the world-famous scientist-mathematician K. Mushtari.
Keywords: K. Mushtari, scientist-mathematician.
 
G. Fattakhov. «You have to know this name» (The Hero of the Soviet Union Z. Shaymardanov)
The work is devoted to Z. Shaymardanov — the Hero of the Soviet Union, the native of Biyektau village of the Laishevsky area.
Keywords: Z. Shaymardanov, the Hero of the Soviet Union, the Great Patriotic War.
 
Sh.Monasypov. The composer Renat Enikeev
The article tells about creativity of the composer Renat Enikeev. He was the part of the Tatar music history as the composer gravitating to drama and geroiko-tragic concepts. He put the Tatar instrumental music to an all-Russin and world scene.
Keywords: R. Enikeev, composer.
 
I. Tagirov. The Russian-Tatar relations arethe basis of the Russian statehood
The work presents the historical processes which have become a basis of the modern Russian-Tatar relations.
Keywords: Russian-Tatar relations, history.
 
I. Khanipova. The childhood in evacuation (N. Buko’s Memories)
N. Buko’s memories about his childhood in evacuations in Kazan reflect daily occurrence and mental state of children during the Great Patriotic War.
Keywords: N. Buko, children, childhood, the Great Patriotic War, Kazan, evacuation.
 
O. Panteleeva. N. Kremlyov: the teacher and the rector of the Kazan university (Devoted to the 180 anniversary since birth)
The author describes Kremlyov’s teaching and administrative activity at the Kazan University according to documents of the National archive of the Republic of Tatarstan.
Keywords: N. Kremlyov, Kazan University.
 
R. Gimazova, T.Biktimirova. 150 years since Muzaffara Mushtari’s birth (1863-1937)
The article is devoted to the 150 anniversary since the birth of national teacher M. Mushtari (1863-1937). The autobiography of M. Mushtari from N. Mushtariyeva’s personal archive is published without reductions for the first time.
Keywords: M. Mushtari, teacher.
 
L. Kuznetsova. About activity of the «AHE» Society at the Kazan University from the Tatarstan National archive’s funds
The work is devoted to the 135 anniversary of the Society of archeology, history and ethnography at the Kazan University.
Keywords: Society of archeology, history and ethnography, Kazan University.
 
B. Sultanbekov. Sultan-Galiyev’s case. A look from the XXI century. (Devoted to the 120 anniversary since his birth)
The publication is dedicated to the 120 anniversary since the birth of known state and political figure M. Sultan-Galiyev.
Keywords: M. Sultan-Galiyev, national policy.
 
R. Akhunov, G. Latypova. «Awakening a sleeping stone to life» (To the 110 anniversary since the birth of sculptor S. Akhun)
The article is devoted to S. Akhun — the known sculptor, the honored worker of arts of RSFSR, the national artist of TASSR.
Keywords: S. Akhun, sculptor, Kazan.
 
R. Valeev. Remembering the teacher, the colleague… (To the 100 anniversary since the birth of I. Ionenko)
The work is dedicated to the 100 anniversary since the birth of the historian, the doctor of history, the professor, the honored worker of science of TASSR I. Ionenko.
Keywords: I. Ionenko, historian, Kazan University.
 
Sh.Mustafin. Leading chronicler: founders and successors (To the 95 anniversary of the Mamadyshsky regional newspaper)
The work is devoted to the 95 anniversary of the regional newspaper «Nokrat» (Vyatka) published in the Mamadyshsky municipal region of the Republic of Tatarstan.
Keywords: newspaper, «Nokrat», «Vyatka», Mamadysh.
 
L. Khuzeeva. The prose writer, the playwright, the philosopher, the essayist (Devoted to the 75 anniversary since the birth of D. Valeev)
The work is dedicated to the 75 anniversary since the birth of the prose writer, the playwright, philosopher D. Valeev.
Keywords: D. Valeev, writer.
 
S. Nikonova. Establishing the historical truth (To the 75 anniversary since the birth of A. Ivanov)
The publication to the 75 anniversary since the birth of A. Ivanov — the doctor of history, the professor, the editor-in-chief of the Book of Memory of the Republic of Tatarstan.
Keywords: A. Ivanov, historian, the Book of Memory of the Republic of Tatarstan.
 
I.Nasyrov. From history of physical culture and sports development in the Republic of Tatarstan
The review of the collection of documents and the materials «From History of Physical Culture and Sport Development in the Republic of Tatarstan (1920-2000)», published by the General Archival Department under the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Tatarstan in 2012.
Keywords: sports, physical culture, archival documents, collection, review.
 
K.Bogatov. Heraldic heritage of the Republic of Tatarstan
The review of the book «Heraldic Heritage of the Republic of Tatarstan» published in Moscow in 2012.
Keywords: heraldry, state symbols of the Republic, Tatarstan, review.
 
R. Gibadullina. Family and calendar customs and ceremonies of Tatars
The review of D. Sharafutdinov and R. Sadykova’s book «Family and calendar customs and ceremonies of Tatars», published by the General Archival Department under the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Tatarstan in 2012.
Keywords: customs and ceremonies of Tatars, Sabantui holiday, review.
 
S.Nikonova. Encyclopedia of the TASSR life during the Great Patriotic War
Review of A. Kabirova’s monograph «War and society: Tatarstan in 1941-1945», published in Kazan in 2011.
Keywords: the Great Patriotic War, TASSR, review.
 
Sh. Sharafutdinov. «Kazan temples named after the Yaroslavl miracle men and prelate Varsonofy»
The review of A. Eldashev’s works «The temple named after prelate Varsonofy, the Kazan miracle man» and «The Kazan temple named after the Yaroslavl miracle men», published in Kazan in 2012.
Keywords: Kazan, history of temples, review.
 
R. Gallyam. Sample of a classical historiography of the Kazan khanate
The review of the reprint edition of the scientific monograph by Sh. Mukhamedyarov — the known historian and specialist in Turkic philology (1923-2005) «A social and economic and political system of the Kazan khanate (XV — the first half of the XVI centuries)», published in Kazan in 2012.
Keywords: Kazan khanate, Sh. Mukhamedyarov, monograph, review.
 
Y. Blagov. Unknown Kazan artist (K. Dannenberg)
The work tells about the history of one picture drawn by little-known Kazan artist K. Dannenberg.
Keywords: K. Dannenberg, M. Schepkin, artist, performance «Sailor».
 
S. Shendrikova. Theater life of Bakhchisarai 100 years ago
Bakhchisarai pleased the inhabitants with rich cultural life at the end of XIX — the beginning of the XX centuries. It was connected with vigorous cultural and educational activity of I. Gasprinsky who was the Mayor in 1879-1883.
Keywords: Bakhchisarai, Taurian province, theater, I. Gasprinsky.
 
L. Gabdrafikova. «You sit down at preference and you start tickling nerves…» (Gambling in the Tatars’ life at the end of XIX — the beginning of the XX centuries)
Gambling became popular in the second half of the XIX century in Russia. This type of free pastime contradicted the religious views of Muslims. However studying of Tatars’ everyday life in the boundary of the XIX-XX centuries shows that Tatars played gambling both in public places and at home.
Keywords: Tatars, bourgeois society, city culture, gambling, daily occurrence.
 
B. Kunitsyn. Spiritual schools and revolution in 1905
Article tells about the problems faced by Russian Orthodox Church on the eve of revolution in 1905-1907. It describes forms of protest of theological seminaries and academies’ students.
Keywords: Theological Seminary, Spiritual Academy, students, teachers, revolution of 1905.
 
L. Khutorova, Y.Ronzhina. From the history of the private educational institutions in Kazan in the end of the XIX and the beginning of the XX centuries
The authors analyze the work of private education institutions in Kazan in the end of the XIX and the beginning of the XX centuries. The research is based on the documents from the National Archive of the Republic of Tatarstan
Keywords: private educational institutions, K. Manuilova’s college, Kazan.
 
A. Sitdikov, Kh. Abdullin, V. Kharitonovich. N. Kalinin’s report during the Local History Conference on October 24, 1949
The report of known Kazan scientist-archeologist N. Kalinin read at the Local History Conference on October 24, 1949 is published for the first time. The scientist summed up archaeological researches in the territory of the Kazan Kremlin, both during the pre-revolutionary period, and in the first decades of the Soviet power.
Keywords: N. Kalinin, archeology, Kazan Kremlin.
 
A.Makhmutova. The article, which has got under a press of censorship
The article by A. Makhmutova about a role of Izh-Bubi madrasah in the history of the Tatars national education is offered to attention of readers. This article was prepared by the author for the Soviet School magazine in 1966, but was removed from the press by censorship.
Keywords: Izh-Bubi’s madrasah, education of Tatars, «Soviet School» magazine.
 
I. Nigamatzyanov. G. Fedorov-Davidov’s scientific activities for studying of the Golden Horde history
Article highlights scientific activities of the Moscow State University professor, the organizer and the head of Volga Region Archaeological Expedition G. Fedorov-Davidov for studying of the Golden Horde history.
Keywords: G. Fedorov-Davidov, Volga Region Archaeological Expedition, the Golden Horde, archeology.
 
M. Belyaev. Gang of guest performers
In article that is based on the National Archive of the Republic of Tatarstan’s documents tells about the impudent robbery of the collectors which has occurred on October 27, 1971 in Kazan.
Keywords: Kazan, crime, gang.
 
I.Minnullin. In Heraldic Council under the President of the Republic of Tatarstan
The article is devoted to activity of the Heraldic Council under the President of the Republic of Tatarstan for 2012.
Keywords: heraldry, Heraldic Council under the President of the Republic of Tatarstan, official symbols, municipal symbolic.
 
V.Ivanovа. History of youth sports in exhibits of the National Museum of the Republic of Tatarstan
Article shines exhibition and club work of the National Museum of the Republic of Tatarstan in anticipation of University games.
Keywords: National Museum of the Republic of Tatarstan, University games, Kazan, exhibition.
 
A.Shabalkin. Short sketch about administrative-territorial development of Simbirskogo-Ulyanovsky edge
The short historical sketch about administrative-territorial development of Simbirskogo-Ulyanovsky edge since the most ancient times up to now is presented in the work.
Keywords: Simbirsk, Ulyanovsk, Simbirsk province, Ulyanovsk region.
 
R. Iskhakov, Kh. Bagautdinova. From the history of material and spiritual culture of Tatars of Zakazanye (I. Lukin’s ethnographic sketch)
I. Lukin’s ethnographic composition (1915) devoted to the description of life and customs of the Tatar population who lived in Zakazanye is presented in the article. The author describes the little-known ethnographic data on the features of their festive and religious ceremonialism, beliefs and mythology. The author pays special attention to the characteristic of the Tatars material culture at the beginning of the XX century.
Keywords: ethnography, life and culture of Tatars, N. Nikolsky, Kazan province.
 
O. Fedotova. To the 100 anniversary from the date of opening of the Kazan yacht-club
Yacht-clubs existed practically in all seaside cities of Russia at the end of the XIX — the beginning of the XX centuries. The organizers of the Kazan yacht-club were the hereditary nobleman of the Sviyazhsky district A. Orlov, the teacher of the Third female gymnasium K. Vinokurov and merchant son S. Gordeyev.
Keywords: yacht-club, Kazan yacht-club, Kazan.
 
G.Fayezova. Sports life of the Republic in documentary photographs
Selection of photos with the fragments of sports competitions of youth at the end of 1960 — the beginning of 1980 from funds of the Central State Archive of historical and political documentation of the Republic of Tatarstan is presented in the article.
Keywords: Central State Archive of historical and political documentation of the Republic of Tatarstan, sports history, photo.