2013 3/4

Abstracts

L. Shafigullina. Features of the development of folk art and amateur art in the Republic of Tatarstan (1990-2000ies.)
The article discusses the ways and the main forms of folk art and amateur art in the public relations’ reformation in the Republic of Tatarstan in the 1990-2000-ies. The author generalizes the long-term experience of national holidays, music, dance, festivals, competitions, exhibitions of decorative and applied arts works, highlights their importance for the cultural traditions’ preservation.
Keywords: culture, folklore, folk art, folk holidays and festivals.
 
S. Schuklaya. Tatar organizations in Poland: history, tradition, initiatives
The work is devoted to the activity of the Tatar community and Tatar organizations in the Republic of Poland and to their cooperation with Tatarstan.
Keywords: the Tatar community in Poland, Tatar organizations, Polish Tatars, the Union of Tatars of the Republic of Poland, Muslim Religious Union of the Republic of Poland.
 
A. Mukhamadeev. Crimes against the state and religion in the Volga Bulgaria in the beginning of the XIII c.
After Bulgarians embraced Islamic religion the legal system of the country that was based on common law gave way to the criminal legal relationships governed by Sharia law. The crimes against religion and against the state appeared as a result of that situation.
Keywords: Vladimir-Suzdal principality, the Volga Bulgaria, Russian chronicles, the state religion, Islam, Christianity.
 
D. Mustafina. «Feel propitiate, my sovereign…» (Devoted to the question of a spatial framework of the Bashkir revolt of 1705-1711 and the preventive measures for its distribution’s prevention)
The work deals with the difficult socio-political situation which has developed by 1706 in the Volga-Ural Region. It also tells about the difficulties which met A. Dmitriev-Mamonov — a person who was authorized to organize preventive actions against risen Bashkir people.
Keywords: the Volga-Ural region, Kazan, A. Dmitriev-Mamonov’s letters, internal political situation in the years of Northern War, Bashkir people, the revolt of 1705-1711, B. Sheremetev, F. Golovin.
 
F. Islaev. Mullah Batyrsha Aleev and chairman Yanysh Abdullin
The work is made on the basis of the new documents from «Ufagen» site. It is devoted to the history reveals of mullah Batyrsha after the uprising in 1755 defeat and Yanysh Abdullin’s role in this process. The publication contains the verbal portrait of Batyrsha.
Keywords: uprising in 1775, Batyrsha, Y. Abdullin, S. Devaev, I. Neplyuev.
 
L. Gabdrafikova. «I immediately asked him not to put Tatar gramophone record...» (Tatar gramophone records in the beginning of the XX century)
The Tatar gramophone records in the beginning of the XX century and the attitude of the Muslim population towards a new model label are presented in the article. The author gives the list of Tatar artists’ pre-revolutionary records made by the «Pate» company, that were stored in the Audiovisual Department of the France National Library.
Keywords: gramophone records, Tatar music, music history, everyday life, the history of the Tatars, urban culture, «Pate», K. Mutygi.
 
A. Valiakhmetov. Fight for Sviyazhsk in 1918 in the current scenes and the memoirs of participants
Fight for Sviyazhsk in 1918 took an important place in plans of warring parties during the Civil war. Special attention is paid to the memoirs of the contemporaries kept in the funds of the Central State Archive of historical and political documentation of the Republic of Tatarstan.
Keywords: Civil war, Czechoslovak legion, Kazan, Sviyazhsk, memoirs.
 
A. Fedotova. Food aid to Kazan professorship during starvation in 1921-1923
The article is devoted to one aspect of the food supply of the faculty of Kazan Universities during starvationof 1921-1923. The article gives a list of scientists who received the so-called «Academic rations» and Nansen aid.
Keywords: starvation in 1921-1923, Academic rations, Tatar Commission for improving the living conditions of the scientists, Nansen aid to the knowledge workers, TASSR in 1920.
 
Y. Guseva. The organization «Jamiat-Asharikhul-Islamiya» in the context of the «Muslim» policy of the Soviet state (1928)
The author presents and analyzes «The Report about the company “Asharikhul-Islamiya” activities» (1928), that was established by the Oriental Department of the OGPU. The work contains unique material about the activities of Islamic organizations and the Akhmadiyya sect in the Turko-Tatar emigration among European states in the late 1920s.
Keywords: Turko-Tatar emigration, Oriental Department of the OGPU, Akhmadis, A. Idrisi.
 
I. Khanipova. «Fraternal greetings to the world Young Pioneers» (International relations with pioneers from Germany, England and France)
The article is devoted to international education of children in TASSR in 1920-1930. Correspondence of the Kazan pioneers with pioneers from the western countries as one of forms of international education is considered in the work.
Keywords: childhood history, pioneers, international education, TASSR.
 
F. Kozlov. The «Declaration» wrote in 1927 by Metropolitan Sergius (Stragorodsky) and the transformation of the church society in the late 1920s — early 1930s (According to the Chuvash and Mari autonomies)
The article describes one of the episodes of the internal church life in the late 1920’s — early 1930’s. The author studies formation of the so-called «true Orthodox Church» groups on the national territory of the two Middle Volga regions on the basis of archival and other published documents and materials. He shows the reasons of appearance, scales of activity, the fate of «right-oppozitional» movements.
Keywords: the «Declaration» wrote in 1927 by Metropolitan Sergius, Chuvashskaya ASSR, church.
 
A. Kabirova. Population propaganda and promotion during 1941-1945 (On materials of Tatarstan)
The article deals with the forms, methods and the directions of agitation and propaganda work in TASSR during the Great Patriotic War.
Keywords: patriotism, promotion, propaganda, the Great Patriotic War.
 
I. Tagirov, A. Bushuev. New documents about the negotiations between Russia and Tatarstan in 1991-1994
The work is based on the documents from the State Archive of the Russian Federation. It confronts the readers with some little-known facts connected with preparation for the signing of a bilateral agreement between the Russian Federation and the Republic of Tatarstan «About Delimitation of Jurisdictional Subjects and Mutual Delegation of Authority between the State Bodies of the Russian Federation and the Republic of Tatarstan».
Keywords: Russian Federation, Republic of Tatarstan, Federal relations, contractual federalism, the Federal Treaty, B. Yeltsin, M. Shaimiev, G. Burbulis, S. Shakhrai, V. Tishkov.
 
E. Dolgov. «The political system can not be shaken even by such misfortunes as sacrilegious regicide» (March 1, 1881 on the pages of archival documents)
The work uncovers the Russian history dramatic pages — the murder of Tsar Alexander II and the reign of Alexander III. The author tells about the event through the documents from the National Archives of the Republic of Tatarstan, that showed how the Kazan society resronded to the event.
Keywords: Russian Empire, Alexander II, Alexander III, populism, M. Loris-Melikov, A. Geins.
 
I. Karimova. «People looked at the deceased Sovereign as on sacred» (The diary of P. Shestakov — the trustee of the Kazan educational district)
The diary of P. Shestakov — the trustee of the Kazan educational district was stored in the department of manuscripts and rare books of the Kazan Federal University’s Scientific Library named after Lobachevsky. The history of the Kazan area of 1881-1882 and some moments of the history of the Russian Empire, in particular Alexander’s ΙΙ death and Alexander’s ΙΙΙ introduction on a throne were reflected in the manuscript.
Keywords: personal diary, P. Shestakov, Alexander ΙΙ, Alexander ΙΙΙ.
 
A. Eldashev. Metropolitan Antony — the Kazan Spiritual Academy’s graduate
The article shows the pages of life and spiritual formation of Antony (Vadkovsky) — the metropolitan of St. Petersburg and Ladoga. This personality was authoritative and attractive. He managed to unite church hierarchy in questions of church transformations in Russia in the years of the all-Russian transformations.
Keywords: metropolitan Antony, A. Vadkovsky, Kazan Spiritual Academy.
 
R. Valeev. «I was a loyal son of the party...» (Z. Bulushov)
The work is about the repressed statesman, active participant in the establishment of Soviet power in the Central Asia Z. K. Bulushov, whose biography was a vivid illustration of the young generation’s sincere faith in the ideas of communism in 1920-1930’s.
Keywords: biography, Z. Bulushov, repressions.
 
T. Krasheninnikova, O. Sinitsyn. The path of the historian (E. I. Ustyuzhanin)
The article is devoted to the way of life, scientific, educational and political activity of the known Kazan historian E. I. Ustyuzhanin (1902-1968). The correspondence by E. I. Ustyuzhanin with the leadership of the National Committee of the historians of the Soviet Union, which was preserved in the Rare Book and Manuscript Library of Science named after Lobachevsky of the Kazan (Volga) Federal University, is published for the first time.
Keywords: history in the USSR, Kazan State Pedagogical Institute, the Great Patriotic War, the National Committee of the historians of the Soviet Union, the International Congress of the Historical Sciences.
 
А. Gallyamova. Surkintsy about the Paris Commune, safety pin, child support, and more (Discussion of the draft Constitution of 1937 in the collective farms «Pakhar» and «Vyazovka» in the Almetyevsky district of the TASSR)
The article is devoted to the discussion of the draft Tatarstan Constitution, adopted in 1937, which took place in the Chuvash villages of Old and New Surkino. It represents the collective attitude of the peasants against the Soviet Authorities, its internal policies and collective farms.
Keywords: regional studies, agrarian history, collective farmers, Chuvash village, Tatar ASSR, Soviet history.
 
Y. Pilipchuk. Whether Saqsin was the part of Dasht-i-Qipchaq?
This article is devoted to the history of the Lower Volga region in the X-XIII century. Population of the Lower Volga region (Saqsin) was multi-ethnic. It could be divided into local and alien. Khazars’ descendants and Oghuzs were the local population. Aliens population included Volga Bulgarians and Alanian colonists. Saqsin was not the part of the Dasht-i-Qipchaq, but a separate region. After the fall of the Khazar Khaganate the Lower Volga region fell under the power of Oghuzs. For two centuries the local population were assimilated by Oguz.
Keywords: the Lower Volga region, Saqsin, Dasht-i Qipchaq, Khazar Khaganate Qipchaqs, Oghuzs.
 
O. Fedotova. The highest personages in Kazan (Devoted to the 400th anniversary of the Romanov’s family)
Publication of the documents from the National Archives of the Republic of Tatarstan is dedicated to unofficial visits of Russian emperors and members of the royal dynasty to Kazan.
Keywords: Kazan, Kazan Province, the Romanovs family, the celebration of the 400th anniversary of the Romanov family, charity.
 
Y. Blagov. Theatre as a «factor of social life» in Kazan in 1840 (To the 185th birth anniversary of L. N. Tolstoy)
The article is devoted to the history of the Kazan theater life in the middle of the XIX century — Kazan period of life of the great Russian writer L. N. Tolstoy.
Keywords: Kazan, L. N. Tolstoy, biography, theater.
 
R. Idrisova. «Those who want to have a daguerreotype portraits favored addressed...» (Devoted to the 170th anniversary of Kazan photos)
The work examines the evolution of photographic works in Kazan from opening of the first daguerreotype in 1843 until the first decades of the XX century. The author presents social and ethnic composition of photographers, analyzes period of photographic institutions as well as their location in the urban space.
Keywords: Kazan, daguerreotype, photograph, stationary photographic establishment, photograph, photographic form.
 
R. Akhunov. Papkov Ivan Semenovich (Devoted to the 120th anniversary of his birth)
Biographical sketch, devoted to the 120th anniversary of the birth of the famous Kazan photographer I. Papkov.
Keywords: I. S. Papkov, Kazan, photo, photographer.
 
R. Sadykova. «Freedom loves beauty, and beauty loves freedom» (Devoted to the 110th anniversary of the singer A. Izmaylova)
The article is devoted to the biography of the Tatar singer A. Izmaylova, who was the head of the Tatar Opera Studio of the Moscow Conservatory and the Tatar Theater of the State Institute of Theatrical Arts named after Lunacharsky.
Keywords: A. Izmailova, biography, Central State Archive of historical and political documents of the Republic Tatarstan, the Moscow Central Working Tatar theater, Tatar Opera Studio of the Moscow State Conservator, the First All-Union Competition of theaters and arts of the peoples of the USSR, Moscow State Conservatory named after P. I. Tchaikovsky.
 
D. Mustafina. Monument of national culture of the Lithuanian Tatars
One of monuments of the Lithuanian Tatars cultural heritage known in scientific community as Kitab Ivan Lutskevich was published in 2009. It was the manuscript, that had been copied from earlier original in the first half of the XVIII century. The publication is the review of this work.
Keywords: Kitab Ivan Lutskevich, Lithuanian Tatars, manuscript, review.
 
B. Izmailov. Cities and citizens of Ufa province in 1870-1892
The review analyzes the monograph by L. R. Gabdrafikova «Cities and citizens of Ufa province in 1870-1892: based on local self-government documents», published in Kazan in 2013.
Keywords: review, Ufa Province, everyday, urban reform in 1870, urban culture, way of life of the city, the bourgeois reforms, city government.
 
O. Leontieva. A new book on the history of the Kazan University’s everyday life
The review of the book by L. Bushuyeva «The everyday life of the Kazan University professor. 1863-1917». The book reconstructed the socio-historical portrait of Kazan pre-revolutionary professors and studied in detail the organization of their social time, including daily professional and private life.
Keywords: review, the Kazan Imperial University, professor, the history of everyday life.
 
I. Tagirov. About Shcherbakov’s book and not only about it
Monograph by S. Shcherbakov «National Self-Determination of the Chuvash people in the early XXth century: the ideological dimension» encompasses a significant novelty in the study of the national movement of the Chuvash people. The essence of the work is to prove that the Chuvash community developed a defense mechanism against the cultural impact of other ethnic groups in the form of cultural and economic isolation over the centuries.
Keywords: Chuvash Republic, Chuvash people, Chuvash community, national identity, Christianization, the national movement, cultural autonomy, territorial self-determination, review.
 
N. Fedorova. Invitation to socialism or Simbirsk-Ulyanovsk Region in the modern history of Russia
The author presents the review of the monograph by N. Zabalukhina, A. Pashkina «Simbirsk-Ulyanovsk Region in the modern history of Russia. 1917-1991. People. Events. Facts» published by OSU «The Ulyanovsk region’s State Archive of Contemporary History» in 2013.
Keywords: history of Simbirsk-Ulyanovsk Region in the Soviet period, the Ulyanovsk region’s State Archive of Contemporary History, review.
 
O. Khabibrakhmanova. The object of a research — activity of the TASSR’s National Commissariat for Education in the 1920th
The author presents the review of the monograph by G. Latypova «The activities of the Tatarstan People’s Commissariat for Education in 1920» published by the General Archival Department under the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Tatarstan in 2013.
Keywords: Tatarstan People’s Commissariat for Education, formation of the Soviet system of national education and culture review.
 
R. Salikhov. Right of the Volga Bulgaria: crimes and punishments, justice
Review of A. R. Mukhamadeev’s book «Right of the Volga Bulgaria. Part 1. Crimes and punishments, justice», published by the History Institute named after Sh. Mardzhani of Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Tatarstan in 2013.
Keywords: Volga Bulgaria, crimes and punishments of the Volga Bulgarians, review.
 
E. Osipova. Tenkovskoye estate of Gagarin Princes in the XIX — early XX c.
The history of the Tenki village and estate of Gagarin Princes has not yet been the subject of special studies devoted to the analysis of landlordism. Gagarin’s family was among the wealthy landowners of the Russian Empire and the owners of lands in many central provinces of Russia, including in Kazan province. The study is based on the archival documents and materials of written by the author local history, that were introduced in the science for first time.
Keywords: Kazan Province, Tenki village, princes Gagarins, homestead.
 
B. Kunitsyn. From the history of the Kazan Society of Beekeepers
The article highlights the key stages in the development of beekeeping in Kazan province. It tells about the base, the activities and achievements of the Kazan Society of beekeepers, the main personalities in the development of beekeeping in the Kazan province.
Keywords: Kazan, Kazan Society of beekeepers, beekeepers congresses.
 
E. Koreeva. Soviet festive culture on the websites
The work is made on the materials of websites. The author analyzes different information about the history of the most well-known Soviet holidays: the 8 of March, New Year holiday, etc.
Keywords: Soviet holidays, websites, Internet.
 
G. Latypova, I. Mustafin. Structural transformations of the departments of the TASSR’s National Commissariat of Education in the 1920th
Transformations of the departments of the TASSR’s National Commissariat of Education in the 1920th were directed on simplification of the structure of education management in the Republic. Department transferred the questions of construction, economic providing schools, opening of new institutions of political and educational and cultural work to the jurisdiction of the local authorities.
Keywords: the TASSR’s National Commissariat of Education, the TASSR’s Council of People’s Commissars, National commissariat of Workers’ and Peasants’ inspection of the TASSR, management structure, regular number, resolutions.
 
G. Alekminskaya. «Cultivation and fixing of national shots are set unsatisfactorily» (About a process of «korenizatsiya» at industrial enterprises in the Tatar ASSR in the days of the second Five-Year Period)
The article studies the problems of korenizatsiya at the enterprises of the light industry of the Tatar ASSR in the second Five-Year Period. The author presents the review of administrative documents about how the korenizatsiya was organized, elimination of the defects and the mistakes during its implementation, the general assessment to the actions.
Keywords: Tatar ASSR, national policy, korenizatsiya, industrialization, working class.
 
M. Arslanov. The performance «Kayum Nasyri» on a scene of the Tatar Academic Theater named after G. Kamal
The author analyzes one of landmark performances of the Tatar State Academic theater named after G. Kamal «Kayum Nasyri» that was put on the stage (according to the play with the same name wrote by M. Ghali and H. Urazikov) by director H. Urazikovym in the middle of the 1940ies. The images of such outstanding figures of the Tatar culture, as K. Nasyri and Sh. Mardzhani, are considered for the first time in the history of national theater science.
Keywords: the performance «Kayum Nasyri», the Tatar Academic Theater named after G. Kamal, H. Urazikov.
 
L. Donina. Tatar traditional costume in «Shurale» ballet by F. Yarullin
The author analyzes the theatrical interpretation of the Tatar traditional costume performed V. Nikitin, L. Speranskaya-Stein, A. Nagaev and A. Knoblock on the example of F. Yarullin’s «Shurale» ballet’s retrospective. Only ethno-specific elements of traditional costume were mainly used in ballet performances, but the basic principles of art and figurative expression of the complex were consistently maintained. The artists expressed and emphasized the distinctive features of the Tatar national theatre through the costume.
Keywords: Tatar traditional costume, design of the theater costume, theatrical interpretation, the ballet.
 
Y.Shabalina. Women’s Councils and the promotion of healthy lifestyle in the period of reformation
The article is devoted to the work of the Women’s councils in the Tatar Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic for the development of healthy lifestyle during the reformation period. The work is based on an analysis of archival funds from the National Archives of the Republic of Tatarstan and the Central State Archive of Historical and Political Documents of the Republic of Tatarstan.
Keywords: Women’s Councils of the Tatar Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic, reformation, physical culture, sports.
 
G.Ershova. Documents on the history of social and political associations in Tatarstan during the post-Soviet period
The article is devoted to the analysis of sources on the history of social and political associations, postponed in the funds of the Central State Archives of Historical and Political documentation of the Republic Tatarstan during the post-Soviet period. The most widespread subjects of scientific historical researches for last years are defined, the funds of the political associations and collections, which have been not used in the scientific issues, are revealed.
Keywords: Historical source, the Central State Archive of Historical and Political Documentation of the Republic Tatarstan, political association, fund, collection.
 
I.Minnullin. In the Heraldic Council under the President of the Republic of Tatarstan
The article is devoted to the activities of the Heraldic Council under the President of the Republic of Tatarstan in 2013. The priority activity of the Council was to promote the revitalization of the state and territorial symbols and the Heraldic Councils’ activities. The Council held a series of arrangements in the Republic of Tatarstan’s municipalities. The villages Karabash (Bugulminsky region) and Vasilyevo (Zelenodolsky region) were awarded by the Certificate of the Official Symbols Incorporation; the students learned the history of heraldry, its rules and traditions during the specials meetings.
Keywords: heraldry, heraldic heritage, Heraldic Council, official symbols, municipal symbols, Karabash village, Vasilyevo village, meeting of heraldists.
 
I.Nigamatzyanov. The integration of archaeological and ethnographic research
The Irkutsk State Technical University held the anniversary XX International Scientific Symposium «Integration of archaeological and ethnographic research» from 27 May to 2 June 2013. The symposium was attended by representatives of major research centers from Russia and abroad. The article highlights the participation of Tatarstan’s researchers in the symposium.
Keywords: symposium, integration, archeology, ethnography, cross-disciplinary research.
 
L.Spirina. Photochronicle of the Verkhneuslonsky Region of the Republic of Tatarstan
The selection of photos, that reflected socially significant events of the area, from the Archival Department of the Executive Committee of the Verkhneuslonsky Municipal Region of the Republic of Tatarsta, is offered to the readers’ attention.
Keywords: the Republic of Tatarstan, Verkhneuslonsky Region, archive, photo.
 
V.Yukhimenko. At the origins of the Udmurt oil
The article is devoted to the history of geological studies of oil deposits on the territory of the Udmurt Republic, on the basis of the published literature and archive materials.
Keywords: Udmurtia, history, geologist, geological structure, oil, oil well.
 
L.Spiridonova. Mari State Theater: at the beginnings
The work is devoted to difficulties of the first stage of formation of the Mari theater at the end of the 1920-1930th. Archival documents reflect the inconsistent internal processes of theatrical tours.
Keywords: the Republic of Mari El, Mari State Theater, history, theatrical tours.
 
R. Iskhakov, Kh. Bagautdinova. From the history of material and spiritual culture of Tatars of Zakazanye (I. Lukin’s ethnographic sketch)
I. Lukin’s ethnographic composition (1915) devoted to the description of life and customs of the Tatar population who lived in Zakazanye is presented in the article. The author describes the little-known ethnographic data on the features of their festive and religious ceremonialism, beliefs and mythology. The author pays special attention to the characteristic of the Tatars material culture at the beginning of the XX century.
Keywords: ethnography, life and culture of Tatars, N. Nikolsky, Kazan province.