2014 1/2


G. Latypova, G. Rafikova. Searching historical truth… (D. Sharafitdinov (1940-2014))
The work is devoted to the biography of D. Sharafutdinov — the first editor-in-chief of the «Gasyrlar Avazy – the Echo of Centuries» magazine. The appendix to the article includes the full bibliographic index of works by D. Sharafutdinov.
Keywords: D. Sharafutdinov, the biography, the General Archival Department under the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Tatarstan, «Gasyrlar Avazy – the Echo of Centuries» magazine.
A. Eldashev. Devoted to Damir Sharafutdinov
The first editor-in-chief of the scientific and documentary magazine «Gasyrlar Avazy – the Echo of Centuries» D. Sharafutdinov died in February, 2014. Memoirs by his colleague are devoted to their co-work in the Tatar regional Committee of Party.
Keywords: D. Sharafutdinov, biography, Archival Service of the Republic of Tatarstan.
Ya. Pylypchuk. Women in the history of Qipchaqs
This article is dedicated to the gender history of Qipchaqs. Woman in a nomadic society had significant rights, although the Qipchaq society was patriarchal. Some aristocrats kept nomadic habits of Christian and Muslim societies, where the rights of women were minimal. Terken-Khatun, Ay-Čiček Khatun, Qumar-Khatun, Erszebet, Anna-Anisia, Radiya-sultan were among those whom aristocratic in the Western Christian World would call a «she-wolf» for authoritativeness. Personally free women were forced to perform hard labor. Women-Slaves also had virtually no rights.
Keywords: the gender history, women, rights of women, aristocracy, Qipchaqs, patriarchal society.
D. Mustafina. «And that earth — the grasslands and the wood — the steppe place, lies in the emptiness and is given to nobody» (Monastic colonization of Zavolzhsky region: the tribute articles of the Kostroma Epiphany Monastery in the Kazan district in the XVII century)
The work is devoted to the analysis of one of public acts — the import diploma given by the Kazan voevode D. Dolgorukov to the Kostroma Epiphany Monastery for the tribute articles (meadows and woods) in the Kazan district and to inclusion of this acts in a scientific turn. The features of kolonizational of the Zavolzhsky Area’ development in the 60th of the XVII century and one of ways of expansion of the landed property to which monasteries resorted are reflected in the article.
Keywords: the import diploma, the Kazan district, the Kostroma Epiphany Monastery, the river Kalmayur, a quitrent without the right of buying up, D. Dolgorukov.
E. Mironova. The landowners farms in Kazan Districts in the post-reform period
The purpose of this article is the analysis of the factors and the ways of development of the landowner’s farms in Kazan District in the post-reform period. The large and the medium-sized ownership, possessing the greatest potential for adaptation to market conditions were in the focus of attention of the researcher.
Keywords:Kazan District, landowner economy, profitable estates.
E. Gruzdev. «Shakhovsky’s group»
The lean year of 1898 caused strong starvation among peasants of the Menzelinsky district of the Ufa province. The prince S. Shakhovskoy organized the large-scale and versatile assistance to the starving. He organized fund raising across all Russia and created dining rooms and medical aid stations.
Keywords: Ufa province, starvation, S. Shakhovsky, A. Chekhov, L. Tolstoy, «Shakhovsky’s group».
L. Chubukchiyeva. Women’s issue in dzhadidizm’s ideology
Reforms of the dzhadidizm were the prerequisite for the basis of Muslim culture formation in modern times. The main directions of dzhadidistsky movement became the following: education system reform, strengthening of communications between the Turkic-Muslim people, active cooperation with the Russian culture, creation of uniform Turkic literature, liberation of the Muslim woman from Islamic clericalism and reforming of female education.
Keywords: dzhadidizm, I. Gasprinsky, Moslem woman, female education, reform.
L. Gabdrafikova. «You after all are not the angels and you can’t live without drinking, eating and dressing…» (About financial position of the Tatar mullahs in the beginning of the XX century)
Financial position of the Tatar mullahs considerably went down at the beginning of the XX century. World War I was one of the reasons of this phenomenon. The publication is added with the note by akhun Giniyatulla Gizatullin, taken from Nikolay Katanov’s personal fund from National Archive of the Republic of Tatarstan. The note was published in the Tatar press during World War I. It is the bright illustration of the Tatar mullahs’ everyday life in the pre-revolutionary period.
Keywords: Tatars, Islam, mullahs, clergy, World War I, madrasah, life, daily occurrence.
I. Khanipova. «Week of the child» in TASSR
The work is based on archival sources and materials of periodicals. It is devoted to the little-known facts of history of formation of child care in the Soviet Russia — «Week of the child» (1920).
Keywords: children, childhood, homelessness, TASSR.
R. Khisamutdinova. Starvation in the Ural’s village during the Great Patriotic War
This article describes the causes of starvation in the Ural’s village during the Great Patriotic War, its scope and consequences. The author describes the state and local authorities’ assistance to the starving population of the region.
Keywords: starvation, war, drought, requisitioning.
A. Sabitova. «We are the journalists of the screen and we are urged to be assistants to party» (About ideological control over activity of the Kazan documentary film makers in the early sixties)
The article is devoted to Kazan newsreel studio’s history. Particular attention is paid to ideological control of the studio from the state in the beginning of the 1960s. The author shows the influence of the party and government’s meeting with writers and artists (1962 and 1963 years) on the development of the cinema in Tatarstan on the basis of archival documents.
Keywords: Kazan newsreel studio, cinematography, ideological control.
B. Kunitsyn. Young years of P. Znamensky according to his autobiographical notes
The author describes the life and customs of the Nizhny Novgorod priest’s family, study and life condition in school and seminary, gives the mentors’ characteristics on the basis of the memoirs by the professor of the Kazan theological academy P. Znamensky that haven’t been published before. The memoirs belong to the first half of the XIX century.
Keywords: P. Znamensky, theological school, seminary, deacon, boursak.
Y. Rudneva. The ordinary history of the provincial «emansipe»
The author reconstructs the biography of the graduate of the Kazan Higher Female Courses (1876-1887) M. Chernyshevskaya, analyzes the factors that influenced on the outlook of the emancipated women’ formation in the second half of the XIX century. The work is written on the basis of the documents from the funds of the Department of Archival Documents of the Memorial estate of N. Chernyshevsky (Saratov city). This documents were not published before.
Keywords: Kazan Higher Female Courses, female education, Kazan University, N. Chernyshevsky, M. Chernyshevskaya.
I. Zaytsev, D. Usmanova. Materials about vaisovsky tendency in V. Gordlevsky’s fund
The article is devoted to the documents about the vaisovsky movement, being stored in fund of the known Soviet scientist, the orientalist-turcologist V. Gordlevsky (1876-1956) in the Archive of the Russian Academy of Sciences. These documents allow the reader to glance in the scientist’s «creative laboratory», to learn his area of interests, to understand nature of scientific communication in the Soviet period.
Keywords: the Soviet oriental studies, Islamic sectarianism, vaisovsky tendency.
E. Umerov. Beyliki of the Crimean khanate of the XVII-XVIII centuries
The article is devoted to Beyliki (the special destinies of noble families) of the Crimean khanate, to their structure, location and accessory.
Keywords: Crimean khanate, Beylik, hereditary possession, family tree.
R. Iskhakov, H. Bagautdinova. Correspondence between N. Ilminsky — the Kazan Teacher’s Seminary director and the chief-prosecutor of St. Synod K. Pobedonostsev concerning «the Muslim question»
The work gives the details of correspondence between N. Ilminsky — the Kazan Teacher’s Seminary director and the chief-prosecutor of St. Synod K. Pobedonostsevin 1880-1890. It shins the features of realization of an internal political course of the Alexander III’s reign era concerning Muslim Tatars. The little-known facts of history of development of social, cultural and educational tendencies of the Tatar intellectuals and the bourgeoisie of the last third of the XIX century, functioning of Islamic religious institutes in Russia are presented in the documents.
Keywords: the interfaith relations in the Middle Volga region, the history of Tatars, Islamic institutes, an internal political course concerning Muslims in the Russian Empire.
F. Islayev. Memoirs of the soldier
The publication presents the biography and memoirs of S. Saifullin — the Great Patriotic War participant, the native of Kuktyak village of the Aznakayevsky region of the Republic of Tatarstan.
Keywords: S. Saifullin, biography, memoirs.
Yu. Valeeva. Kazan statistician A. Orlov (To the 170 anniversary since his birth)
The work is devoted to the biography of the historian, the statistician, the seismologist, the first director of the Kazan First Special School A. Orlov and his scientific works.
Keywords: A. Orlov, biography, Kazan, seismology, statistics.
E. Amerkhanova. Publishing patterns of the World War I soldiers’ letters
The big collection of the World War I soldiers’ letters is stored in the Department of Manuscripts and Rare Books of Scientific library named after Lobachevsky in Kazan University. The considerable part of them is written on special typographical forms which the author calls patterns. The article is devoted to their analysis.
Keywords: World War I, collection of letters, correspondence, soldier’s letter, publishing patterns.
T. Validi, G. Rafikova. «Russian» German population of Kazan province during the World War I
This article examines changes in the attitude of Russians towards the Austro-German population of the country during the First World War (on the example of Kazan province). Activities of local administration towards this group of citizens wore diverse — from indifferent to repressive. This work gives some of the most illustrative examples, revealing general characteristics of wartime relations «friend or foe».
Keywords: Kazan Province, World War I, Germans, Austrians.
L. Khuzeeva. Youth raged, fighting for the future (To the 95 anniversary of Komsomol in Tatarstan)
The work is devoted to documents from the Central State Archive of Historical and Political Documentation of the Republic of Tatarstan about the history of the Tatarstan Komsomol organization. Memoirs of Komsomol members from the funds of a personal origin are offered to the readers’ attention.
Keywords: Komsomol, memoirs, archival documents, Central State Archive of Historical and Political Documentation of the Republic of Tatarstan.
A. Gallyamova. The strokes to the Soviet youth’s portrait (To the 95 anniversary of the Lenin Communistic Union of Youth in TASSR)
The Komsomol role in socialist construction, destiny of the Soviet youth is shown in the article on the example of the Tatar Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic. The noticeable place is given to manifestations of social activity of youth that were not approved officially.
Keywords: the Soviet youth, All-Union Leninist Young Communist League, communistic ideology, Tatar the Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic, «nonconformists», opposition in the USSR.
R. Khisamutdinov. Fundamental nature (To the 90 anniversary since the birth of F. Yunusov)
The publication is devoted to the biography of F. Yunusov — the scientist, the teacher, the honoured inventor of the Russian Federation, the honored worker of science of the Russian Federation and the Republic of Tatarstan.
Keywords: F. Yunusov, biography, Kazan Aircraft Institute, aircraft industry.
R. Shamsutdinova, R. Sadykova. To the 85 anniversary of the Central State Archive of Historical and Political Documentation of the Republic of Tatarstan
The article is devoted to the 85 anniversary of creation of party archive of the Tatar Regional Committee of CPSU (nowadays the Central State Archive of Historical and Political Documentation of the Republic of Tatarstan). Published documents reflect archive activity in the 1930th. Despite difficult conditions, employees did a great job on documents preservation, its’ arranging in order and description.
Keywords: the Central State Archive of Historical and Political Documentation of the Republic of Tatarstan, Party Archive, the Commission for collecting and studying the materials on the history of October revolution and the history of RCP(b), the Tatar Office of United Party Archive.
L. Baibulatova. The unknown pages of the Golden Horde history
The article presents a transliteration of risale text, which describes the events of the period of the Golden Horde (1370-ies) as well as a shedzhere of khans. The original risale was written in 1771, the author gives a transliteration of the Arabic script from the copy made in 1836 and treated by Rizaetdin Fakhretdinov.
Keywords: Rizaetdin Fakhretdinov, Golden Horde, shedzhere.
A. Arslanova. The manuscripts on Sufism written in Persian language from the collection of Scientific library named after N. Lobachevsky of Kazan Federal University
The collection of manuscripts on Sufism written in Persian language from Scientific library named after N. Lobachevsky of the Kazan University is described in the article. The Sufiysky movement had a great impact on spiritual culture of the Tatar people. 117 copies of compositions on Sufism and Sufisky life-literature from 736 units of storage the manuscripts written in Persian language in the XIV — the beginning of the XX centuries were found out.
Keywords: manuscripts written in Persian language, Sufism, library of the Kazan (Volga) Federal University.
G. Nurgatina. K. Mutygi-Tukhvatullin and his work «The Tatar comment to Koran»
The work shows life and activity of Kamil Mutygi-Tukhfatullin’s — the writer, the founder of the first magazines and newspapers written in the Tatar language. The author analyzes his comments to Koran «The Tatar Comment to Koran». The translation of introduction to this work into modern Tatar language is shown to the reader.
Keywords: K. Mutygi-Tukhfatullin, the Tatar writer, «The Tatar comment to Koran».
I. Rameeva. Tatar authors and works about the Tatars in the magazine «Turk Yurdu» (1911-1931)
The magazine «Turk Yurdu» was first published in Istanbul in 1911. The magazine was one of the most influential periodical publications in Turkey, which formed and directed the public opinion not only in Turkish society, but also the entire Turkic world. This work consists of two parts. The first part provides an overview of all journal articles of «Turk Yurdu». The second part presents bibliographical material of the journals of 1911-1931 years, which included the articles written by Tatar authors as well as the materials covering the social, political and literary life of the Tatars.
Keywords: Journal «Turk Yurdu», Istanbul, Turkey, works about Tatars.
A. Kalimullin. Everyday life of the Tatars-citizens during the bourgeois transformations in the second half by XIX — the beginnings of the XX century
The review of L. Gabdrafikova’s book «Everyday life of Tatars-citizens during the bourgeois transformations in the second half of the XIX century — the beginning of the XX century» (Kazan, 2013).
Keywords: review, daily occurrence, Tatars, Islam, europeanization, city culture, life, mentality, dzhadidizm, bourgeois reforms.
Yu. Blagov. Research on the theater history in the Crimea
The review of the historical work «Theater history in the Crimea (1820-1920): the monograph», published in Simferopol in 2013.
Keywords: review, history, historiography, theater, Crimea.
P. Kabytov. From the history of assistance to the starving population of TASSR in 1921-1923
The review of A. Fedotova and N. Fedorova’s book «Assistance to the starving population of TASSR by the Soviet and foreign organizations in 1921-1923» (Kazan, 2013).
Keywords: the review, TASSR, starvation in the Volga region, the charitable help of the foreign organizations.
K. Pardayev. Miankalsky oasis in works of Russians and European researchers
The work is devoted to oriental researches of the island Miankal located between sleeves of the rivers Akdarya and Karadarya.
Keywords: oriental studies, Central Asia, Bukhara khanate, Turkestan, Zarafshansky valley, Miankal island.
S. Shadmanova. The first city doctor of Turkestan M. Batyrshin: the strokes to the portrait
The author attempted to systematize the archive materials related to the activity of first city doctor of Tashkent city M. Batyrshin.
Keywords: Turkestan, medicine, doctor, smallpox, vaccination, infectious diseases, prophylaxis.
A. Eldashev. Grigory Rasputin: the Kazan period
The article tells about the milestones Grigory Rasputin’s life. The author mentions the special role of Kazan, the aged man Gavbriel (Zyryanov), the vikarial bishop Khrisanf (Shchetkovsky) who recommended Rasputin to the capital ecclesiastics.
Keywords: Grigory Rasputin, Rightous Simeon Verkhotursky, wandering, Kazan, archimandrite Gabriel (Zyryanov), the vikarial bishop Khrisanf (Shchetkovsky), unfrocked monk Iliodor (Sergey Trufanov).
E. Osmanov. Madrasah of Bakhchisaray
Zyndzhyrly-Madrasah, Orta-Madrasah, Khan Madrasah — religious educational schools of Bakhchisaray was analyzed as the monuments of architecture in this article. The author also analyzes the renovation, restorative and archeological works on the above mentioned monuments.
Keywords: Crimea, Bakhchisaray, madrasah, Moslim monuments, religious-cult complex, religious-studying complex, archaeological excavation.
O. Chikurova. «The teacher cannot be a teacher without teacher’s training» (Professor J. Koblov and creation of the Department of Pedagogy at the Far East University)
The article is based on the previously unpublished documents from the Russian State Historical Archive of the Far East, indicating the contribution of an outstanding scientist, Professor J. Koblov in creating a system of teacher education in Primorsky region.
Keywords: J. Koblov, Kazan Theological Academy, Kazan Scientific School, Far East, State Far Eastern University, teacher education.
G. Ostapenko. Special type of the weapon of Turkish yanychars of the Bakhchsarai reserve’s collection
The publication is devoted to the collection of yanatags’ description (east cold weapon), being stored in the funds of the Bakhchsarai historical and cultural reserve. The article contains the historical review of creation of this type of weapon, the characteristic of its types, the detailed description of the museum collection.
Keywords: Crimea, Bakhchsaray historical and cultural reserve, museum, yatagan, weapon, collection.
G. Guadagnolo. Musa Dzhalil at the Tatar Working Department
The Working faculty was created at the Kazan University in 1919. It had the aim to prepare the Tatar studying youth for entering the higher education institutions of the Soviet Russia. In 1923 the young Tatar poet Musa Dzhalil became the student of Workers’ Universityepartment. The publication is devoted to the statement of the poet in trade-union committee about footwear allocation. This statement is introduced into scientific circulation for the first time.
Keywords: Working Department of the Kazan State University, Musa Dzhalil, biography, daily occurrence.
R. Sadykova. Protocols of party bodies as a source on studying of the country people’s plight on the eve of the mass collectivization
The article contains the analysis of the protocols of the meetings of the Bureau of the Tatar regional Committee and Arsky Kantonny Committee of the All-Union Communist Party (Bolsheviks), being stored in the Central State Archive of Historical and Political Documentation of the Republic of Tatarstan. Documents tell us about the plight of the village and moods of peasants on the eve of the mass collectivization. They reflect the methods of pressure upon country people and its reaction.
Keywords: Central State Archive of Historical and Political Documentation of the Republic of Tatarstan, protocols of the meetings of the Bureau of All-Union Communist Party (Bolsheviks), peasantry, collectivization, grain-collections.
G. Khalliyeva. Archival records about preparation to celebration of the 500 anniversary of Alisher Navoi
The work is devoted to the documents from the Archive of orientalists of the Institute of East Manuscripts of the Russian Academy of Sciences shining preparation for celebration of the 500 anniversary of the Central Asian poet, the philosopher Alisher Navoi in besieged Leningrad.
Keywords: A. Navoi, oriental studies, besieged Leningrad.
A. Kemalova. Questions and prospects of the museum-creation of archaeological heritage process in the northwest of the Crimea
The publication is devoted to the problems of preservation of objects of archaeological heritage of the Tarkhankutsky peninsula in the northwest of the Crimea, and also prospect of creation of the historical and cultural and also natural and landscape reserve.
Keywords: Crimea, Tarkhankut, archeology, historical and archaeological reserve «Kalos Limen».
R. Khayrutdinov, I. Minnullin. Formation of heraldic policy in the Republic of Tatarstan (2002-2006)
The present stage of development of heraldry began with formation of the new Russian state. The Public heraldic service (since 1999 — the Heraldic Council under the President of the Russian Federation) was formed on February 20, 1992. The Heraldic Council under the President of the Republic of Tatarstan was formed in 2002. The members started practical implementation of the points of the Decree of the President of Tatarstan on creation, registration and calculation of official symbols of the Republic of Tatarstan.
Keywords: heraldry, heraldic symbols, Heraldic Council under the President of the Russian Federation and the Republic of Tatarstan, the State heraldic register of the Russian Federation.
E. Malinkin. He did not take up his duties… (The Samara governor N. Rodionov)
The article is devoted to the little-known fact in the history of the Samara province in the beginning of the XX century — to appointment of the Samara governor Nikolay Matveevich Rodionov in February, 1906. The author pays attention on the reason of why Rodionov didn't arrive to Samara, his biography.
Keywords: N. Rodionov, governor, revolution of 1905-1906, I. Blok, Chernigov province, Samara province.
Ch. Bucharaeva. Establishment and development of physical education system for schoolchildren in the TASSR in 1920-1930
The article is dedicated to establishment and development of physical education system for schoolchildren in the Tatar Soviet Socialistic Republic in 1920-1930. The author reveals that the process of physical education system establishment following the events of October, 1917 was an integral part of great changes happening at that time in the social life of the country. The core of this phenomenon was to educate a personality in a spirit of communistic ideology, among other things by means of physical training.
Keywords: physical education system, potential of physical training for values, the contents of lessons on physical training.