2012 3/4

Abstracts

 
I.Minnullin. Symbolics of the Tatar ASSR
The work is about the state symbols of the Tatar ASSR establishment.
Keywords:Tatar ASSR, state emblem, flag, state symbols.
 
L. Shafigullina. TURKSOY: development of the international cultural cooperation of Tatarstan in 1990-2000
The article highlights the activity of the International Organization of Turkic Culture (TURKSOY), which appeared in 1993. The development and strengthening of relations between the Turkic-speaking countries in the field of culture and art was among the main objectives of TURKSOY. The international cultural cooperation of the Republic of Tatarstan in the 1990-2000th is considered on an example of this organization.
Keywords: TURKSOY, Turkic culture, international cultural cooperation of the Republic of Tatarstan, international organizations.
 
«I would like that your monuments decorated Kazan» (Interview to sculptor M. Gasimov)
Interview to the sculptor, honored worker of arts of the Republic of Tatarstan M. Gasimov.
Keywords: M. Gasimov, sculptor, Kazan, B. Urmanche’s monument.
 
R.Gallyam. The annalistic Kazan prince Kostrov (To the history of social elite of the Kazan khanate)
The article is devoted to activity of prince Kostrov — the dignitary of the Kazan khanate of the first half — the middle of the XVI century. Some supervision and conclusions concerning genealogy of its origin, state and diplomatic, military and office activities before and after conquest of Kazan in 1552 are stated.
Keywords: prince Kostrov, Kazan khanate, Ivan the Terrible.
 
D.Mustafina. The diploma of Gury — the first archbishop of Kazan and Sviyazhsk
The work presents the text of the earliest known to science original diplomas from Gury — the first archbishop of Kazan and Sviyazhsk to archimandrite Herman, stored in the National Archive of the Republic of Tatarstan’s funds.
Keywords: archbishop Gury, archbishop of Kazan and Sviyazhsk, Sviyazhsk city, Sviyazhsky Bogoroditsky monastery, archimandrite Herman.
 
R. Idrisova. About the Smolensk God Mother icon bringing to Kazan
The work is devoted to the history of annual bringing of the Smolensk God Mother icon to Kazan in the XIX century and to this event reflection in graphic sources.
Keywords: the Smolensk God Mother icon, deserts Sedmiozernaya, N. Roze, P. Tabure, K. Safonov, E. Malov’s collection.
 
D.Mustafina. «Besides they are from the other district and province …» (To a problem of Zakamsky region’s colonization in the first third of the XVIII century)
The published source contains valuable information about social and economic situation on southeast suburbs of the Russian Empire in the first decade after the Northern war completion. The process of colonization of Zakamsky region in the first third of the XVIII century, namely such problems of economic development as population shift, social and ethnic structure of immigrants, the imperial government relation towards them, feature of the population’s state taxation, fight for the land are reflected in the decree.
Keywords: Patrimonial board, Aktash village, Erykla river, Zyureyskaya Road, Kazan provincial office, Kazan district, baptism, non-Christian Mordvins, new-Christian Mordvins, Nogayskaya Road, application, Zai River, Simbirsk district, militares Tatars, Yasachny new-Christianed people.
 
G. Rafikova. «Kazan was never short of initiative people, who were ready to serve the neighbors…» (Care of disabled children in Kazan in the XIX — the beginning of the XX centuries)
The article tells the history of emergence, formation and development of children's charitable societies for the disabled children care in Kazan in the XIX — the beginning of the XX centuries. Charitable societies, their charters and the main characteristics of societies and institutions’ activity are considered.
Keywords: charity, charitable societies, Kazan, children's shelters, disabled children.
 
G. Bushkanets. Applied using of the territorial coats of arms in Russia in the XIX — the beginnings of the XX centuries. (On an example of the coats of arms of Kazan and the Kazan province)
The work is about using the heraldic symbolic at the end of XIX — the beginning of the XX centuries.
Keywords: heraldry, coat of arms, Kazan province.
 
A. Fedotova. Relationship of the Soviet authorities and the workers of the International Organizations for starving population assistance in 1921-1923
The article is devoted to the activity of the following international organizations for starving population assistance: the American Relief Administration and the International Working Committee for Starving Population of Russia, Tatar ASSR Assistance.
Keywords: famine of 1921-1923, the American Relief Administration, the International Working Committee for Starving Population of Russia, Tatar ASSR Assistance.
 
O. Khabibrakhmanova. Housing policy of the authorities and scientific intellectuals of Tatar ASSR in 1920-1930
The article is devoted to the questions of the Soviet state’s housing policy in 1920-1930-ies. Accommodation storage and special features of housing distribution have generated a lot of new forms of the residing unusual for pre-revolutionary scientific intelligentsia.
Keywords: scientific intelligentsia, distribution, the Kazan University, the housing policy.
 
N. Garunova. The National Commissariat of the communication lines No. 8 building (About a construction of the railway «Kizlyar — Astrakhan» during the Great Patriotic War)
The work is about construction of the railway «Kizlyar — Astrakhan» during the Great Patriotic War known as «Building of the National Commissariat of the communication lines No. 8». This railway should provide export of the Baku oil on a short way. That construction was organized by principle of national building of wartime with active attraction of local population.
Keywords: railway, Kizlyar, Astrakhan, national building, National Commissariat of the communication lines.
 
E.Krivonozhkina. The organization of life and work of children in rural regions of the Tatar ASSR during the Great Patriotic War
The author tells about organization of child labor during the Great Patriotic War in rural areas Tatar ASSR. Difficult living conditions of life of children are also shown.
Keywords: Tatar ASSR, the Great Patriotic War, children, child labor.
 
O. Shafigullina. Evacuation of children in Tatar ASSRduring the Great Patriotic War
The work presents the selection of archival documents on children evacuation in Tatar ASSRduring the Great Patriotic War and an everyday life of the evacuated orphanages.
Keywords: Tatar ASSR, the Great Patriotic War, evacuation, children, orphanage.
 
E. Dolgov. Well-known Kazan manufacturer and factory owner I. Alafuzov
The work is devoted to the Kazan manufacturer and factory owner I. Alafuzov’s activity.
Keywords: I. Alafuzov, Kazan, factory.
 
A.Lipovetsky. Three dismissals of N. Ilminsky from the Kazan Spiritual Academy
The article deals with the reasons of three dismissals of orientalist N. Ilminsky from the Kazan Spiritual Academy.
Keywords: N. Ilminsky, Kazan Spiritual Academy.
 
V.Ermakov. The Zemlyanovs — businessmen and philanthropists
The article tells about business and public activities and charity of the Zemlyanovs’ merchant dynasty. The family representatives concentrated their attention on development of freight steamship transportation.
Keywords: Zemlyanovs, trade, shipping company, transportation of goods, charity.
 
A. Litvin, E. Maslova. The grammar-school boy M. Korbut
Article is devoted to historian M. Korbut’s (1899-1937) activity in the Imperial Kazan Gymnasium. The authors used a large number of archival documents, many of which were entered into a scientific turn for the first time.
Keywords: M. Korbut, Imperial Kazan Gymnasium (The first Kazan Man’s Gymnasium).
 
D. Kasimova. Baki Urmanche in the Glazovsky district (1917-1918)
The article is devoted to the artist of B. Urmanche’s activities as the instructor of Muslim schools in the Glazovsky district of Viatka province in 1917-1918.
Keywords: B. Urmanche, Glazovsky district, Tatars, Mekteb, District Department of National Education.
 
L.Mourtazina. The teacher Garif Bogdanov
The article is devoted to scientific and pedagogical activity of the known Tatar teacher, the author of textbooks for school students on mathematics and biology Garif Bogdanov. The work analyzes his educational and methodical textbooks, and little-known pages of teacher’s life.
Keywords: G. Bogdanov, pedagogical activity, methodologist, Russian-Tatar school, textbook, literary translation.
 
R.Nizami. The fellow countryman who has passed through thick and thin
The work presents the biography and memoirs of A. Izmailov — the Great Patriotic War participant, the native of Bedenga of the Tetyushsky Region of the Republic of Tatarstan.
Keywords: the Great Patriotic War, A. Izmaylov, biography, memoirs.
 
O. Fedotova. «Burning with diligence to the kind Motherland…» (To the 200 anniversary of Patriotic War of 1812)
The publication and selection of the documents of National Archive of the Republic of Tatarstan are dated to the 200 anniversary of Patriotic war of 1812.
Keywords: War of 1812, Moscow, Kazan, M. Kutuzov.
 
E. Samakayeva. S. Shakulova’s collection in funds of the National Museum of the Republic of Tatarstan (To the 125 anniversary since her birth)
The work is devoted to S. Shakulova — the first woman from the Tatars, who got the higher mathematical education in Europe.
Keywords: S. Shakulova, mathematics, the higher education.
 
B. Sultanbekov. Sultan-Galiyev’s case. A look from the XXI century. (Devoted to the 120 anniversary since his birth)
The publication is dedicated to the 120 anniversary since the birth of known state and political figure M. Sultan-Galiyev.
Keywords: M. Sultan-Galiyev, national policy.
 
L. Spiridonova. Not dissipated inspiration (Devoted to the 115 anniversary since F. Mannapov’s birth)
The article presents the unknown facts of the Tatar actor F. Mannapov’s life.
Keywords: F. Mannapov, actor, theater, cultural life, national culture.
 
E.Tagirov. An image of «the Euroasian Prometheus» L. Gumilev in generations’ memory (To the 100 anniversary since his birth)
Article is devoted to the 100 anniversary of the historian, geographer, philosopher L. Gumilev.
Keywords: L. Gumilev, a passionarity, the doctrine about a passionarity.
 
Y. Blagov. To the 100 anniversary since E. Gelms’s birth
E. Gelms belongs to number of the largest and considerable theatrical artists defining development of theatrical and decorative art in the second half of the XX century. At the same time he was the outstanding graphic artist, the satirist and the caricaturist.
Keywords: E. Gelms, theatrical artist, theater, caricaturist.
 
L. Khuzeeva. One of the Kazan streets is called after him (To the 85 anniversary since R. Musin’s birth)
The article is devoted to the 85 anniversary since the birth of the party figure R. Musin who made a great contribution to social, economic and cultural development of Kazan in the 70-80th of the last century.
Keywords: R. Musin, Kazan, Tatar regional committee of party, Central State Archive of Historical and Political Documentation of the Republic of Tatarstan.
 
G. Zigangirova. «He was “his excellency” and distinguished…» (Kamil Mutygi’s archive in the funds of the National Museum of the Republic Tatarstan)
The work presents the collection of the publisher, editor, singer K. Tukhvatullin (Kamil Mutygi) from the National Museum of the Republic of Tatarstan. The article deals with the manuscript — the memoirs of K. Mutygi’s father, Mutygulla khazrat, about G. Tukay.
Keywords: K. Mutygi, Tukay, manuscript.
 
L. Gabdrafikova. «Ancient Turkic peoples said ahead”, meaning eastward by that» (the fragments of Gali Rakhims essay «The Kazan Tatars folklore»)
The fragment of the historical work «Kazan Tatarsfolklore» written by a litterateur and scientist Gali Rakhim in the early twenties of XX century has been published for the first time. The document contains an analysis of a Turkic mythology, pagan beliefs and the Islamic influence on the Tatars worldview.
Keywords: G. Rakhim, Turkic peoples, Tatars, Islam, mythology, proverbs.
 
F. Islayev. New Nadyrov’s history
The review of collective work «New Nadyrovo», published in Kazan in 2010.
Keywords: New Nadyrovo, the village history, the review.
 
A. Bakhtin, S.Bolshov. The new book about the Finno-Ugrians of the Volga-Kama region in the beginning of an Iron Age
The review gives assessment to the works written by V. Patrushev «Burial grounds of the Volga-Kama region of the Early Ananiyno Age», published in Kazan in 2011.
Keywords: the early Iron Age, burial grounds, Volga-Kama region, ware complexes, ethnic processes, funeral ceremony, review.
 
N. Fedorova, A.Fedotova. Famine in Russia in 1921-1922 as a historiographical problem
The review of the F. Kozlov’s monograph «Famine in 1921-1922 and withdrawal of church values in Chuvashiya», published in Cheboksary city in 2011.
Keywords: Chuvashiya, famine in 1921-1922, campaigns for church values’ withdrawal, review.
 
Z.Yavgildina. «Terms of the fine arts, architecture and book art: Explanatory dictionary»
Review of F. Vagapova’s reference media «Terms of the fine arts, architecture and book art: The explanatory dictionary», published in Kazan in 2011.
Keywords: explanatory dictionary, terms, art of book decoration, review.
 
A. Makhmutova. Madrasah in the Kazan province in the second third of XIX — the beginnings of the XX century
The review of the collection of documents and materials «Madrasah in the Kazan province in the second third of XIX — the beginnings of the XX century», published by the General Archival Department under the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Tatarstan in 2012.
Keywords: The Kazan province, madrasah, the Tatars’ educational system, archival documents, the collection, the review.
 
R. Salikhov. The Tatar people’s history (the XX — the beginning of the XXI centuries)
The review of the manual «The Tatar people’s history (the XX — the beginning of the XXI centuries)» for 11 classes of the high comprehensive school, published in Kazan in 2012.
Keywords: the Tatar people’s history, Tatar ASSR, Tatarstan, manual, review.
 
A. Eldashev. Sviyazhsky philanthropist N. Savrasov
The article is devoted to the known Sviyazhsky philanthropist of the XIX century N. Savrasov.
Keywords: N. Savrasov, Sviyazhsk, church, monastery, charity.
 
F. Vagapova. Ali Makhmudov’s creative heritage
The article analyzes samples of the calligraphical letter made by the Tatar calligrapher A. Makhmudov. The samples are stored in the funds of National Archive of the Republic of Tatarstan.
Keywords: A. Makhmudov, calligraphy, calligrapher, book art, ornament.
 
E.Lobachyova. Office of Rarities in the Kazan Spiritual Academy
The article is dedicated to organization of an Office of Rarities in the Kazan Spiritual Academy. Acquisition, storage, studying and promoting of the collection were directed on the solution of educational tasks of Academy’s Missionary Department.
Keywords: Kazan Spiritual Academy, Office of Rarities, collection.
 
R. Safiullina-Al Ansi, R. Gimazova. Zaynulla Rasulev’s composition «The scientists of Troitsk and the new method»
The work is devoted to the outstanding Muslim theologian and educator Z. Rasulev’s activity.
Keywords: Z. Rasulev, religious education, dzhadidizm.
 
E. Afonina. Archival documents about the women’s education history in the Kazan province
The article analyses the archival documents from the funds of the National Archive of the Republic of Tatarstan that have been used to study the history of the first and second Kazan Higher Women’s Courses.
Keywords: women’s education, Kazan Higher Women's Courses, P. Shestakov, women’s educational institutions, Kazan University.
 
A.Valiakhmetov. «The mood on the way was kind, parting hospitable and touching» (From history of Russian children stay and evacuation from Czechoslovakia in the 1920th)
The article deals with the history of the Soviet children evacuation to Czechoslovakia during the famine of 1921, and their subsequent re-evacuation.
Keywords: Soviet-Czechoslovakrelations, famine of1921, history of childhood, Russian childrenin Czechoslovakia, «Russian Foreign action»of the Czechoslovak Government.
 
I.Khanipova. «Long live New Soviet year» (Politicization of a New Year tree in the Soviet Russia)
All available means were used for formation of the new Soviet authorities, including the New Year tree holidays. The article presents the selection of archival documents on carrying out a fir-tree holiday in preschool institutions in Tatar ASSR in 1920-1930.
Keywords: New year, fir tree, children, preschool institutions, Tatar ASSR.
 
V.Ivanova. Victory «windows»
The article is devoted to posters of the Great Patriotic War period.
Keywords: poster, Great Patriotic War, «Satire windows».
 
L. Khamidullin. Nightingale of two nations (Composer L. Khamidi)
The article tells about the known composer, teacher, stage director L. Khamidi (1906-1983).
Keywords: L. Khamidi, composer, stage director.
 
L.Donina. The Tatar national costume at the theater
The main stages of interpretation of the Tatar costume on a theater scene on an example of the performances’ retrospective are revealed in the article. The comparative analysis of theatrical interpretations of the costumes with their ethnographic prototypes is given; sign structures and steady signs of the Tatar costume are analized.
Keywords: Tatar Theater, Tatar national costume, theatrical interpretation.
 
R.Magdiyev. Personality devoted to the East (The creative portrait of scientist Salim Gilyazetdinov)
The article describes the multilateral scientific activity of Candidate of Philology, the orientalist, the teacher, the translator, specialist in folklore S. Gilyazutdinov.
Keywords: S. Gilyazutdinov, orientalist, teacher.
 
R. Sadykova, A.Bakhtiyeva. Acquisition with the documents of a personal origin of the Central State Archive of Historical and Political Documentation of the Republic of Tatarstan
The article introduces the acquisition with the documents of personal origin of the Central State Archives of Historical and Political Documentation of the Republic of Tatarstan.
Keywords: Central State Archive of Historical and Political Documentation of the Republic of Tatarstan, documents of a personal origin, R. Mustafin, I. Yuzeev, A. Valiev.
 
M.Bannikova. Wooden laces of Niyaz Khalitov’s old Kazan (from Central State Archive of Audiovisual Documents of the Republic of Tatarstan funds)
The article is devoted to a collection of documentary photographs of Khalitov (the architect, the doctor of architecture, the member of the Architects’ Union of the USSR) from funds of the Central State Archive of Audiovisual Documents of the Republic of Tatarstan.
Keywords: N. Khalitov, architect, architecture history, Kazan, photo, Central State Archive of Audiovisual Documents of the Republic of Tatarstan.
 
S. Gorokhov, E. Lobanov. Creation of storage of the electronic documents called Central State Archive of Audiovisual Documents of the Republic of Tatarstan on the basis of «IT-park» Data center of the Republic of Tatarstan: problems and ways of their decision
About the concept of the uniform Center of storage of electronic documents’ creation in the Republic of Tatarstan.
Keywords: Central State Archive of Audiovisual Documents of the Republic of Tatarstan, Center of electronic documents storage.
 
L.Safiullina. «Yutazinsky region: history and culture’s problems»
The article tells about the work of the First regional scientific and practical conference «The Yutazinsky region: history and culture’s problems», that was held on May 17-18, 2012 in Bayryak’s village in the Yutazinsky Region of the Republic of Tatarstan.
Keywords: Yutazinsky Region, Bayryak’s village, conference.
 
I.Mustakimov. Sabantui holiday in the XIX century
The article deals with the description of Sabantui national holiday’s carrying out in the city and in the village. The description belongs to the pen of the unknown author of the XIX century and is one of the earliest Tatar-language sources about Sabantui’s history. The text was included in «The Turkish anthology», prepared and published by prominent Russian orientalist I. Berezin in 1890.
Keywords: Sabantui, festive culture of Tatars, the Tatar-language historical sources, I. Berezin.
 
R. Iskhakov. Note of the priest I. Lyapidovsky — a source on stories of traditional culture of Tatars lived in the Mamadyshsky district of the Kazan province
The ethnographic note of the priest of Chura village of the Mamadyshsky district of the Kazan province is given in the publication by I. Lyapidovsky. It is reported the separate aspects of a festive ritualism, spiritual and material culture of Muslim Tatars and Tatars-Kryashen in the middle of the XIX century. It contains the materials, allowing to estimate and analyze the feature of traditional culture, the national costume, life and economic activities of Tatars.
Keywords: ethnography, festive ritualism, traditional culture of Tatars, intercultural relations in the Middle Volga region.
 
O. Fedotova. From history of the physical culture and sport development in Tatarstan in 1920-1930
The article tells about the sports movement development in Tatarstan in 1920-1930.
Keywords: sports, the Supreme Council of Physical Culture of the Tatar ASSR, Sabantui holiday.
 
G. Zimagolova, D. Sharafutdinov. Mirsaid Haydargaliyevich Sultan-Galiyev (1892-1940). Bibliographic index
The bibliographic index of the published works by M. Sultan-Galiyev and modern writers about him.
Keywords: M. Sultan-Galiyev, bibliographic index.